According to noted psychologists like Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson, children around the ages of 5 and 6 are capable of learning numerous skills and concepts quite easily. At this stage of development, children develop a more mature use of language and social interaction. So, as they go into kindergarten, the formal learning environment supports children in developing their basic skills. They learn to communicate with longer sentences, using different tenses and adding gestures. Additionally, their memory, imagination and curiosity are very active, so their minds are always running and ready to learn and absorb as much as they can. They want to know about the world around them and the reason behind the things that they see everyday. Fun learning activities, like story time, field trips, colouring books, action songs and interactive videos help them make sense of themselves and their environment.
Motor skills are also developing at a fast rate in children at this stage. Gross motor skills have developed to the point that they run and play, throw and kick balls with much more control and ease than when they were toddlers. Fine motor skills have developed as they learnt how to use pencils and crayons in preschool. Now, they are ready to fine tune all those skills, with various play activities, arts and crafts, and learning to write simple words. Socio-emotional skills are learnt as they interact with other children and form friendships, learn a sense of right and wrong and of appropriate behaviour in different situations. They learn how to cooperate and to share. All of this forms the basis and determines the way that they will interact with people and the environment they are surrounded by in the years ahead.
Since abstract thinking is still not a skill that kindergarten-aged children have developed, a lot of their learning will be very visual and sensory. They will learn addition and subtraction using physical materials they are familiar with, like sweets. They will learn to distinguish between shapes using different objects they are familiar with in their day to day lives. While in kindergarten, children are also exposed to a larger social community, beyond the immediate family. This gives them valuable opportunity to learn the skills they will need as they grow and enter society as active members, learning how to build friendships, to work in teams, to share and to take care of their classroom surroundings together.
When deciding on the best kindergarten Singapore for your child , make sure that it provides support for your childâs socio-emotional, behavioural and physical development as well as cognitive and intellectual development.